Causes of the reign of terror

Georges Dantonthe leader of the August uprising against the kingwas removed from the committee.


The Purifying Pot of the Jacobins, a visual depiction of the Law of Suspects Those who initiated the Terror saw it as a bitter but necessary medicine, a purge of reactionary elements so the revolution could survive and remain on course.

How to Write a Summary of an Article? Under the social contract, the government was required to act for the general willwhich represented the interests of everyone rather than a few factions.

The animal that survives is the animal that already knows what to fear and how to avoid this threat. SSDRs are an evolutionary adaptation that has been seen in many species throughout the world including rats, chimpanzeesprairie dogsand even humansan adaptation created to help individual creatures survive in a hostile world.

Since no significant differences were found in the olfactory bulbthe response to female fear-induced signals is likely based on processing the meaning, i.

With the French Revolution began the institutionalization of secularized individualism in both social life and politics; individualism and rationality found expression in parliamentary government and written constitutionalism. Learn more about the French republican calendar, the dating system adopted during the French Revolution.

Even domesticated animals have SSDRs, and in those moments it is seen that animals revert to atavistic standards and become "wild" again.

Many of the early battles were definitive losses for the French. Through these executions the Revolutionary government ained momentum against their political enemies and had confidence with all of the power they were given.

Accused persons either walked free or were carted to the guillotine. Many people believe that he was the reason why the Reign of Terror originally began.

French Revolution

The Convention formed the Committee of Public Safety to If the three conditions are not met, fear is an inappropriate emotion. What conditions are required and what are appropriate conditions for feeling fear of death?

Arguments for social reform began to be advanced. In some cases, juries could suspend a trial and hand down a verdict, even before all the evidence had been heard.

In the presence of a threatening stimulus, the amygdalae generate the secretion of hormones that influence fear and aggression. A Clermont lawyer who once dedicated himself to representing the poor, Couthon was elected to the Legislative Assembly and the National Convention, where at first he sat with the Plain before gravitating to the Montagnards.

Terror is nothing more than speedy, severe and inflexible justice; it is thus an emanation of virtue; it is less a principle in itself, than a consequence of the general principle of democracy, applied to the most pressing needs of the patrie [homeland, fatherland] Some historians argue that such terror was a necessary reaction to the circumstances.

On 6 April the Committee of Public Safety was created, which gradually became the de facto war-time government. Some of them attributed the economic suffering of the working classes to counter-revolutionary subterfuge and conspiracies.

For more information please refer to our Terms of Use. Monarchs tried to stop this reaction of the aristocracyand both rulers and the privileged classes sought allies among the nonprivileged bourgeois and the peasants.

In summary, the two studies that were done above created a more precise definition of fear of failure, which is "a dispositional tendency to experience apprehension and anxiety in evaluative situations because individuals have learned that failure is associated with aversive consequences".

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. For example, stressed rats release odorant cues that cause other rats to move away from the source of the signal. Irrational fear shares a common neural pathway with other fears, a pathway that engages the nervous system to mobilize bodily resources in the face of danger or threat.

The wing flapping in pigeons and the scattered running of rats are considered species-specific defense reactions or behaviors. Thus pheromones generate structure in a food web and play critical roles in maintaining natural systems.

Mary Stuart

There were many causes of the terror, some in which included strong violence, others strong leaders, yet they all marked the same thing- the end and beginning of France again.

This shows that before the Reign of Terror strong violence was already occurring and was a large part of the nation. Is fear of death a reasonable appropriate response? Religious upheaval[ edit ] The Reign of Terror was characterized by a dramatic rejection of long-held religious authority, its hierarchical structure, and the corrupt and intolerant influence of the aristocracy and clergy.

On 10 October, the Convention decreed that "the provisional government shall be revolutionary until peace. How did the Reign of Terror end? These SSDRs are learned very quickly through social interactions between others of the same species, other species, and interaction with the environment.

Fanselow conducted an experiment, to test some specific defense reactions, he observed that rats in two different shock situations responded differently, based on instinct or defensive topography, rather than contextual information. Under the leadership of Maximilien Robespierre, the Committee moved against the enemies, real and perceived, of the Revolution.

Statistics of Wars, Oppressions and Atrocities of the Nineteenth Century

Terror became the revolution, so opposing or criticising the Terror became itself a counter-revolutionary act. For example, the sans-culottes sent letters and petitions to the Committee of Public Safety urging them to protect their interests and rights with measures such as taxation of foodstuffs that favored workers over the rich.

Many dispute that the Reign of Terror simply does not exist due to the fact that there was already violence occurring before this supposed period of time.Anarchy, Lawlessness, Threat of foreign Invasion, Inflation, Hunger, Hate, Religion, Sabotage, Corruption, Idealism, Revolutionary zeal.

Fear, as if one should fail at the task given, death awaits. Faith— the one who could bring The Republic, Liberty and Stability— of the idea. The notion of. Reasons for the Reign of Terror in France - Free download as Word Doc .doc), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free.1/5(1).

As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 75, lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed. Analyze the events or factors that you believe were the most significant causes of the Reign of Terror.

The Reign of Terror resulted from several factors. The first was the seizure of the National Convention by the so-called "Mountain," the radicals who were backed by.

During the Reign of Terror, 16, people lost their heads. The goal was to rid France of anyone who was against the French Revolution. Famous people who lost their lives during the Reign of Terror included Marie Antoinette, Madame Roland, Philippe Egalite and Antoine Lovoisier.

Causes of the reign of terror
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